The greatwest life school programme page 6 a few facts about the fur trade era 17th to 19th century the fur trade in the 17th and 18th centuries, beaver fur was very popular with the men and the women of europe. Tools for teaching history province of british columbia. A history of the fur trade is complementary to a history of the recent industrial. The most significant facts about north american fur trade in interactive timeline full of images, videos, and quotations. The land was home to diverse indigenous nations and a handful of newcomers, mostly hudsons bay company employees still working in the fur trade, dabbling in agriculture, or exporting salmon, cranberries, or raw materials such as coal and cedar. The fur trade was a booming business in north america from the 1500s through the 1800s. Using background information, brainstorm with class ways to trap animals in the fur trade and what the definition of a trading post is.
Fur trade changing times in the nwt grade four social studies 1 student activity book for fur trade cards student. For the full citation, see the end of the document. For nearly 250 years, from the early 17th to the mid19th centuries, the fur trade was a vast commercial enterprise across the land we now call canada. List of fur trading post and forts in north america wikipedia. He also helped out americans who were settling in the area, as long as they stayed out of columbia.
The first permanent settlement happened in the early 19th century as a result of the development of the fur trade. Buffalo began to disappear and the demand for furs began to fall. The fur trade is a worldwide industry dealing in the acquisition and sale of animal fur. Hudsons bay company archives hbc fur trade post map.
Dec 16, 2019 this guide will help you find material in vancouver public library on the fur trade in canada. The audience will view, touch and discuss during and after a very engaging and informative power point presentation. Fur trade timeline red lake regional heritage centre. This lesson plan investigates the impact of the fur trade on canadas development as a nation.
Students will explore how the fur trade led to the development of the west. The north west america, the first european vessel built on the bc coast, was launched by. This guide will help you find material in vancouver public library on the fur trade in canada. Fur trade, landbased knowbc the leading source of bc. The fur trade was a very important part of the canadian economy and from the 17th to 19th centuries attracted european mechants and settlers to canada. He managed the fur trade in the oregon country very efficicently. Displaying all worksheets related to colonial fur trade. This forced the hudsons bay and north west company to join forces. It quickly became the base for contact between fur traders and the nearby carrier indians, and gained the district name of new caledonia. In this lesson, students will hear a story about life as a voyageurs family during the fur trade. The fur trade began in the 1500s as an exchange between indians and europeans. Historically the trade stimulated the exploration and colonization of siberia, northern north america, and the south shetland and.
The fur trading industry played a major role in the development of the united states and canada for more than 300 years. The handwritten 15by12 inch document is a window into the fur trade on the west coast during the first half of the 19th century, when british north america extended to the columbia river. Spread of taoism and fur trade via the silk road timeline. Native americans traded furs, deer hides, and meat for iron tools, wool blankets, colorful cloth, and guns. Throughout this timeline you will find bolded text. Canadas fur trade a timeline fur institute of canada fur. They trade metal weapons and tools for beaver, bear, and ermine pelts. Worksheets are teaching resource kit david thompson fur trade and, fur trade teacher guide, the fur trade contact and commerce between indians and, european exploration and colonization of america country, colonizing new france c, hbc and the fur trade, growth of new york during early. For instance, one felt maker bundled the skins in a sack of linen and boiled them for. Related to the history of the canadian fur trade, this lesson identifies the fur bearing animals commonly hunted and trapped throughout canadian history. British columbia is the westernmost province of canada.
During the fur trade period in what is now british columbia the strength of external commercial influence was not sufficient to transform precapitalist modes of production, because of the resistance offered by domestic economic activity and the internal solidarity of the precapitalist mode of production. Chinook jargon develops as a pidgin language of trade for the pacific northwest, and spreads quickly up the west coast from what is now known as oregon to alaska. The result came out as the whole fur trade switch to the british mercantile system which is a huge economic change. A fur traders licence is necessary in british columbia to buy and sell furs. Fur trade, landbased, was a trade for animal pelts carried on between aboriginal peoples and european traders. In this lesson, students will play a class game of i have. Hbc hamper website information, pictures, short video clip of the history of the hudsons bay company and the fur trade in canada. Canadian fur trade banned in the us 1816 after the war of 1812, the american government passed a law which made it illegal for canadians to trade furs in the united states. Related to the history of the canadian fur trade, this lesson identifies the furbearing animals commonly hunted and trapped throughout canadian history. British columbia facts, worksheets, geography, history. To set up the company, britain offered a group of merchants a monopoly on trade in an area it claimed as ruperts land. The bc artifacts mobile museum tour started traveling to bc public and private schools in 2014 throughout the lower mainland. In canada it began along the atlantic coast in the early 16th century when visiting fishers from europe came ashore to dry their catch, encountered the indigenous people and began to barter with them.
The fur trade was the original basis for the growth, foundation, and success of canadas beginning. History of bc comprehensive article with timeline far west is a history of bc for young readers far west timeline. From moscow to rome, the demand for beaver hats remained immense for more than 200 years. From both an historic and contemporary perspective, students inves. When europeans first settled in north america, they traded with native americans. Donated coats keeping orphaned critters safe and warm inside edition skip to.
This activity includes a five minute animated movie that explains how the fur trade started, how made beaver tokens were used and the dynamic of a canadian trading post in in the 17th and 18th century. The north american fur trade was the industry and activities related to the acquisition, trade, exchange, and sale of animal furs in the north american continent. Phases of the fur trade timeline timetoast timelines. The hbc competed directly with france in the fur trade. The mobile museum tour consists of an extensive collection of authentic first nations, pioneer, fur trade, and gold rush artifacts. The fur trade is part of canadas resourcebased economy and one of canadas oldest and most historically significant industries. In the mid1800s, western industrial development had scarcely touched the colony of british columbia. Beaver fur was very much in style and was used to make a multitude of things, particularly waterproof beaver felt hats. Originally politically constituted as a pair of british colonies, british columbia joined the canadian confederation on july 20, 1871.
Alberta history timeline 1600s 1700s 1679 hudson bay company given exclusive rights in ruperts land, including most of alberta 1754 anthony henday, first european arrives 1778 peter pond expedition set up trading posts 1788 permanent trading posts established in peace river district 1792 fort george built by north west company 1795 fort edmonton built. While talking have students fill in the blanks on the worksheet. Includes a learning centre and many teacher resources including the hbc hamper section below. When the company expanded west of the rocky mountains, it claimed a monopoly on trade in the area.
Humane trapping research program leads the world truth about fur blog. Perhaps the most influential historian of british columbia has been margaret ormsby. Orphaned baby animals have a snuggly, new place to rest thanks to several fur donations. The fur trade was one of the earliest and most important industries in north america.
It was at its peak for nearly 250 years, from the early 17th to the mid19th centuries. Hbc heritage is an internal department of hudsons bay company. Jstor june 2016 learn how and when to remove this template message. History of the furtrade in canada this text was written by harold a. The fur trade in canada red lake regional heritage centre. The settlers then sold many of the furs back to europe. A commercial fur trade in north america grew out of the early contact. History of the fur trade the fur trade in north america began during the 1500s when europeans explored the eastern coast. Fur trader and metis leader of the battle of seven oaks, cuthbert grant was appointed. Material on this subject can be found throughout the central library 350 west georgia street. History of the fur trade montana trappers association. In example connecting the fur trade to the metis nation in canada, in barton township, ontario, the terryberry trading post, later terryberry inn, was built on mohawk road, on the niagara escarpment. It allows students to see how our cultural identity and economic system were rooted in the fur trade. Quality beaver pelts set the value of what things were worth and it seems that most trades were based on this value.
The fur trade originated out of the initial contact between native americans and fishermen working in the areas now known as quebec and newfoundland. Please note that only 494 hudsons bay company fur trade posts appear in these maps because the map is based on the fur trade posts originally included in the archives section b. To navigate the timeline, click and drag it with your mouse, or click on the timeline overview on the bottom. While the carrier people agreed to participate in the fur trade, the economy started slow, because the people were fishers not trappers. By the early 19th century, several companies established strings of fur trading posts and forts across north america. Wealthy europeans were eager to buy hats made of beaver fur and the supply here was plentiful. For most of the nineteenth century, victoria remained the largest city in british columbia and was the foremost in trade and commerce. The hudsons bay co charter to what is now mainland british columbia was revoked. This is a fun roleplay game introducing students to the beaver pelt trade in canada. As the century proceeded the extraordinary quality of the farmraised mink and fox furs firmly established canada as an innovator in what was to become a highly specialized and extremely competitive international agricultural activity.
As the demand for fur continued to grow in europe, british and french fur traders began to trap for furs themselves. From 1650 to 1850, wisconsins economy revolved around fur in the way that todays economy revolves around oil. Canadas fur trade a timeline fur institute of canada. These minor dealing began what would be one of the most sought after trade networks in the world. Hbc fur trade post map hudsons bay company archives.
Search our fur trade post maps to find the location of a hudsons bay company fur trade post. The fur trade opening the west first peoples of canada. However, with construction of the transcontinental railway, vancouver, as its terminus, emerged as the major west coast port and the largest city in british columbia. British and france traders begin trade with native americans off of newfoundland. The american fur trade of the far west, volume 1 hiran martin chittenden, stallo vinton, james p. The okanagan people participated in the fur trade largely in the sale and trading of horses.
In 1841, the governor of the hbc, george simpson, toured the area and decided to close all of the costal forts, save. The hudsons bay company established outposts to support its trappers and traders. Since the establishment of a world fur market in the early modern period, furs of boreal, polar and cold temperate mammalian animals have been the most valued. In the fur trade, a trapline is a route along which a trapper sets traps for his or her quarry. The drive west in 1763 new france became a british colony. During the next century and a half, it gradually expanded its network of trading posts west across canada. Canadian trade history timeline may 2nd, they were gifted a royal charter that turned the governor and company of adventures of england trading to hudsons bay company hbc 1800 1500 john cabot landed on the shores of newfoundland, in search of spices but instead found fish. By this time, owhyhees are routinely hired for the fur trade and much prized as workers. A commercial fur trade in north america grew out of the early contact between indians and european fisherman who were netting cod on the grand banks off newfoundland and on the bay of gaspe near quebec. Distribute major fur trade posts and routes map to each student. This timeline spans from our countrys earliest inhabitants to the present. Both fur trading companies are discussed, but there is a greater focus on the hudsons bay company.
A history 1958 she presented a structural model that has been adopted by numerous. The fur trade in canada the following timeline gives an overview of the history of the fur trade in canada. Alberta time line chronological timetable of events. Canada and the fur trade history of the canadian fur trade. The streets are lined with golden leaves and the air is crisp and clear. Welcome to the bc artifacts mobile museum bc history tours website. See this teachers guide aimed at using the textbook far west. The following timeline gives an overview of the history. Jul 23, 20 the fur trade was a vast commercial enterprise across the wild, forested expanse of what is now canada. Warring states period to the reign of emperor wudi of the western han dynasty, under the encouragement of both taoist experts and emperors and kings, a. Overview of the fur trade fur institute of canada fur. Aboriginal peoples in canada and native americans in the united states of different regions traded among themselves in the precolumbian era, but europeans participated in the trade beginning from the time of their arrival in the new.
This is a brief description of the most significant events in the 250 years during which the fur trade flourished. Canadian trade history timeline by shawn b on prezi. Fur trade, chapter 2 of far west, on arrival of the traders. Four hundred years following its start, the commercial fur trade continues to utilize a plentiful sustainable canadian resource in a responsible manner and is an important contributor to the canadian economy and ecology.
By the mid nineteenth century, the fur trade was slowing down. In 1733 an expensive program was carried out in strengthening prince of wales fort. Hbcs history is inextricably bound up with exploration, history and development of canada as a nation and the people who built our country. A hundred years before ikea, this furniture genius perfected the global chair game. Trappers traditionally move habitually along the route to set and check the traps, in so doing become skilled at traversing remote terrain, and become experts in. The native americans often gave the settlers animal furs in exchange for weapons, metal goods, and other supplies. A resident fur traders licence is issued to a person who makes their permanent residence in the province of british columbia and does their fur trading from that location. Mistahimaskwa big bear 4th from left, a plains cree chief, trading fur at fort pitt, n. Because fur is waterproof, beaver skins could be pressed into felt for hats that kept people both warm and dry. The story of british columbia in elementary and middle school classrooms. The history of canadian trade timeline timetoast timelines. Hard to believe that were well into the middle of term.
Canadians pioneered the art of fur farming on prince edward island in the late 1800s. British columbia timeline from colony to confederation. What was the best reason for britain selling ruperts land to canada. The fur trade in north america began almost as soon as europeans began their explorations of the north american mainland. The guide covers all nine chapters of the textbook, plus a list of resources and ideas for student followup.
Fur trade changing times in the nwt student activity. We are committed to the preservation, education, and promotion of hudsons bay companys history and the ongoing care and maintenance of the companys historical hbc corporate art, artifact, image, and reference collections. British columbia hbc fur trade post map hudsons bay. The students will then play the fur trade game like an easter egg hunt where they collect furs to trade for items from a trading post. The hudsons bay company, a fur trading enterprise headquartered in london, began operations on the shores of hudson bay in 1670. The fur trade was a very important part of the canadian economy and from the 17th to 19th centuries attracted. The first north american fur trading post was established at quebec in 1608. From the fur trade to fifth avenue, explore over three centuries of hbc history. Both furtrading companies are discussed, but there is a greater focus on the hudsons bay company. During the 1820s and 30s, british columbia was largely run by the hudsons bay company, which controlled the majority of trading operations in the pacific northwest.667 1148 288 649 1033 491 757 669 1021 95 555 386 1088 1417 1301 1060 1167 1200 485 114 876 659 453 723 844 107 194 952 67 111 452